Here’s an update of CPR guidance due to the COVID19 outbreak.


If an adult is unconscious and not breathing, you still need to call for emergency help and start CPR immediately.

For more information on CPR during the COVID19 pandemic, please visit the resuscitation council website.


If you find someone unresponsive, do not place your face close to others.

If you recognise that this person is unresponsive and not breathing, seek help and call the emergency services whilst you start CPR. If you have someone to help, ask to find a defibrillator if available. Do not leave the casualty if on your own to seek a defibrillator as ambulance will bring one.

Keep a 2m distance from the helper if required.

Before you start CPR, place a towel or piece of clothing over the mouth and nose of the casualty and do not give rescue breaths.

Kneel beside the casualty, and put the heel of your hand on the middle of their chest. Place your other hand above and interlock your fingers. Make sure you are not touching the ribs

Ensure your arms are straight, whilst leaning over the casualty and press down hard to the depth of 5cm before releasing the pressure. Don’t forget to keep to the rhythm of “staying alive”.

Continue to perform CPR until emergency help arrives or the casualty starts to breathe normally.

If a defibrillator is available, switch it on and follow the instructions of the voice over while you continue to use CPR.

If the casualty starts to become responsive, place them in the recovery position. Keep aware of the casualty’s response and prepare to give CPR again if needed.

If you have a defibrillator, leave it attached.

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